The Christadelphian magazine buys into the 'Blood Moons' nonsense

By Christadelphian Ken Gilmore
Brisbane ecclesia, Australia
Source: Click here 

After the disgraceful spectacle of seeing The Christadelphian grant cover article status to a young earth creationist article in the November 2013 edition, there were signs that this could have been a one-off lapse with the January 2014 article on the challenges inherent in preaching to a post-Christian world, and a fascinating article by archaeologist Leen Ritmeyer in the March 2014 issue on the location of Sodom showing a marked increase in the intellectual tone of the magazine. The granting of cover status to an article on the 'blood moon' nonsense however shows that this may not have been a one-off lapse. If we want to brand ourselves as a fundamentalist irrelevancy, this is exactly how to do it.

When the Bible refers to signs in the sun, moon, and stars, some argue this refers to the 'political heavens' while others take it far more literally, and look for astronomical phenomena as portents of things to come. Four lunar eclipses will occur on the 15th April 2014, 8th October 2014, 4th April 2015, and 28th September 2015. These all coincide with Jewish festivals, and this has sparked considerable speculation - verging frankly on the hysterical - that this could herald an event of prophetic significance.
The Blood Moon hypothesis was not invented by our community, but originated with Mark Biltz from El Shaddai Ministries, and popularised by megachurch pastor John Hagee in his book Four Blood Moons. While hypothesis stand or fall on their merits, and should not be judged entirely by those proposing them, it is hardly unreasonable to exercise caution given the fringe origin of this hypothesis.
Such caution however is lacking in The Christadelphian article. Andrew White, author of the April 2014 cover article states:
The amount of historical and future data available…gives an accurate timeline of both solar and lunar eclipses that stretch from 2000 BC to AD 3000. Using this timeline and analysing it against historical events, especially with regard to the history of the Jews, gives us a better understanding of how God times past events with His people either to coincide with, or be triggered by, a series of Blood Moons. Whenever we witness a series of four Blood Moons, known as a tetrad, that coincide with Jewish Feasts, a major political development often occurs to the Jewish People. [1]
The Editors
White seems to overlook that as the Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar, the coincidence of lunar eclipses - which can only happen at full moon - is hardly a great surprise. This alone reduces the impact of the significance of any coincidence of a lunar eclipse with a Jewish festival considerably. The second point is the fact that many of these tetrads do not coincide with anything of significance, leaving blood moon advocates open to the charge of cherry picking events. White seems to be sensitive to this charge because he claims that the fact that only five of the thirty-seven tetrads fall on the first and last dates of important Jewish festivals "sets them apart as specific to critical event in Israel's history." This comes across very much as special pleading, and as mentioned before, the fact that the Jewish calendar is a lunar one makes lunar coincidences entirely expected.
The final point of concern is the use of the caveat 'coincide with, or be triggered by'. One would expect that if God was going to go to the trouble of engineering major events in the history of his people to coincide with lunar eclipses, then he would do so down to the day. What does white mean by 'be triggered by'? One day later? One week later? One month later? It is stretching credulity to expect that an event occurring several months after a lunar eclipse is meaningfully associated with that event.
Actually, White is happy with close to a year after the event. His article cites tetrads occurring around the time of the 1948 Israeli War of Independence and the 1967 Six Day War as being evidence to support the prophetic significance of blood moons. Here are the dates:
War of Independence (14th May 1948)
13th April 1949 - Passover
7th October 1949 - Feast of Tabernacles
2nd April 1950 - Passover
26th September  1950 - Feast of Tabernacles
Six Day War (10th June 1967)
24th April 1967 - Passover
18th October 1967 - Feast of Tabernacles
13th April 1968 - Passover
6th October 1968 - Feast of Tabernacles
All of the blood moons in the first example take place no earlier than 334 days after the declaration of Independence. This is stretching the definition of 'be triggered by' to irrelevance. Only the Six Day War comes close, with the first blood moon occurring around 47 days before the capture of Jerusalem. Given this loose definition of significance, as well as the considerable number of tetrads occurring without any event of significance, one is entirely justified in being sceptical as to the significance of the upcoming tetrad, to put it mildly.
Chris White, a conservative evangelical behind the Bible Prophecy Talk website is likewise unimpressed with the Blood Moon hypothesis. As he points out, one of the biggest problems with the Blood Moon hypothesis is the fact that no blood moons coincide with events of considerable significance to the Jewish people:
Why didn’t God warn them about the Holocaust, or 70 AD, or the expulsion from Rome, or the following persecution? What’s more interesting to me is what you have to leave out in order to believe this theory. Why did God pick the Spanish Inquisition to warn them about and nothing else? And if this was a warning, why did it come a year too late for anyone to do anything about it? 
Exactly. If the blood moon hypothesis really has any significance, then it is entirely reasonable to expect it to be not only sensitive, and coincide precisely with the events, but be specific to major events in Jewish history. This failure in my opinion is enough to dismiss the significance of the blood moon hypothesis entirely. [2]
Even the ultra-conservative Answers in Genesis are sceptical of the significance of the blood moon hypothesis:
Mark Biltz has an engaging style, and judging by the response of those in attendance in the videos, he makes a very persuasive case for his audiences. However, most of those in attendance probably know little, if anything, about the circumstances and appearance of lunar and solar eclipses, so they are easily impressed. Biltz makes two key observations. First, he notes the coincidence of these eclipses with major Jewish festivals. Second, he points out that these four eclipses are in a row (a tetrad). Admittedly, bringing together such factors is rare, though not unique, but there is no suggestion that these eclipses will be otherwise exceptional. The biblical passages that refer to the dimming of the sun (Matthew 24:29; Joel 2:31) and the moon turning to blood (Joel 2:31) speak in very apocalyptic terms, emphasizing frightening things that men experience. The timing of the eclipses that Biltz draws attention to, while interesting, falls far short of the sort of signs that will cause the heavens to shake (Matthew 24:29).
It is quite distressing to see even Answers in Genesis display more scepticism on this subject than the flagship journal of our community. When AiG won't touch something, it is safe to say that it is well and truly a fringe idea.
The real problem here is the impact on our credibility, and the likely damaging blows to faith that will occur if the upcoming tetrad of blood moons passes without any significant event. Andrew White ends his article with the usual caveat about not knowing the date of the second coming, but strongly implies that the tetrad is prophetic significance:
Will the next major event in Israel see her people in captivity and Gog taking the spoils of invasion? While we do not know the date of our Lord's return, the remarkable evidence in data being revealed in today's super-fast highway points very clearly to the end times.

Ken and Barbie
I am puzzled both by the embarrassing neologism 'super-fast highway' (why not just say Internet and be done with it) as well as the fact that he felt the need to link this information with the internet. After all, dates of eclipses have been calculate for centuries before the creation of computers. It comes across as a ham-fisted attempt to use the 'modern science proves ancient prophecy' trope, and further underlines the amateurish nature of the article. The major problem is of course what happens if this event passes without significance. While those with a huge amount invested in a belief system will always be able to construct ad-hoc justifications, not everyone is able to do this, and if nothing has happened by 2017 or 2018, long enough after the last blood moon for even the most enthusiastic adherent to admit that the 2014/2015 tetrad had no significance, it is easy to see people losing faith.
One final comment: the cover page shows not a total lunar eclipse, but a waxing gibbous moon coloured pink:
You would have thought that a royalty-free image of a total lunar eclipse would have been easy to find. It is perhaps fitting that such an amateurish, embarrassing article would have an equally embarrassing cover picture to go with it:
1. White A.P. "Signs of the times: Blood Moons" The Christadelphian (2014) 176-178 
2. White C "BPT - The Blood Moon Theory Debunked and More" Bible Prophecy Talk Dec 3 2013
3. Faulkner D.R. "Will Lunar Eclipses Cause Four Blood Moons in 2014 and 2015?" Answers in Genesis July 12th 2013
4. White A.P. op cit p 178

Editor's Note: The cartoons have been inserted by us and are NOT part of the original article. I hope that the author takes them in the good natured spirit in which they are offered.
For brevity I shortened the title from "One step forward and ten steps back: The Christadelphian magazine buys into the 'Blood Moon' nonsense" to "The Christadelphian magazine buys into the 'Blood Moon's nonsense" and corrected "Moon" to "Moons." 

Ken Gilmore is a Christadelphian; NOT a Christadelphian skeptic.

PLEASE ALSO DISCUSS THIS ON KEN GILMORE'S BLOG AND THANK HIM FOR HIS WORK. If necessary, mirror your comments on his blog. It's not fair that he writes the articles but gets no thanks, encouragement or comments. Click here.

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