The state of Israel: Seventy years on

By Jon Morgan

Seventy years ago today, the British Mandate over Palestine ended and the state of Israel was declared. Christadelphians were delighted, seeing in this the fulfilment of promises made thousands of years ago that one day Israel would return from exile. It was expected that Jesus would soon return, an expectation that was heightened 19 years later by Israel’s victory in the Six Day War.

However, while much has changed about Israel since then, there has been no return of Jesus and no establishment of world government from Jerusalem with compulsory religious teaching. While Israel has religious elements, it is a secular state which has made major contributions to the technology of the world. And one of the consequences of that new technological world is that many former believers, including me, have found it easier to discover the problems with our religion.

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  1. I recently received advertising material in my letterbox from some local Christadelphians in relation to a talk being held regarding this 70 year anniversary.

    I suspect there has been a lot of excitement generated about it in Christadelphian circles, and it amuses me to think about where they will go from here. Thinking about the 70 year thing, it made me realise that they are fast running out of significant milestone dates to pin their hopes on. No doubt some will hold out another 19 years for the 70-year anniversary of the six day war, but once that has passed, what then?

    How many times did we hear about Jesus returning within a "generation" of the return of Israel? I have no doubt they will find a way to morph the interpretation into something that hasn't been categorically proven false, but I'm interested to see what that new interpretation will be.

  2. I used to think the prophecies about the return of Israel were compelling when I was a believer, and I didn't understand why so few other people were convinced by it.

    I now realise that the "prophecies" I found compelling were more like a mix of cherry-picked Bible quotes taken out of context, with Christadelphian interpretation and biased historical narratives woven into them. The "prophecies" most Christadelphians are convinced by are not the ones written in the Bible per se (for most Christadelphians can barely remember them much less understand them in their original context), but rather the ones they hear from the platform, carefully crafted by speakers with plenty of creative license and 2000+ years of hindsight.

    The prophecies in the Bible only make sense in their original context, and most of them failed (shocking, I know!).

  3. Yeah, I talked about the generation problem when writing about the Six Day War. The generation was always 40 years when I was growing up, and I remember noticing how unconvincing it was at the 40th anniversary of the Six Day War. Last year some people were saying "Maybe it's the 70th anniversary of Israel", but that now seems unlikely. I don't know if they go on to seventieth anniversary of Six Day War or what. I've seen one argument for a generation being 100 years, but can't remember how that was worked out. Seems even more far-fetched. And of course the original passage seems to suggest that it was the generation Jesus was speaking to, but never mind.

    In the Christadelphian last year it said "As in 1917, the anticipations of keen Bible students in 1967 may have been premature but their enthusiasm is to be admired." And also suggested the time of the Gentiles might not actually be expired, since Gentiles still have churches and holy sites within Jerusalem (that does seem a little far-fetched - I thought it was only the Dome of the Rock that was on the hit list...)

    1. Doesn't it actually say this generation will not pass away before all these things be fulfilled? So if you were born in 1967 or a little before you would only be in your 50's. So I would think it's fear to say that generation has not passed away right? I'm not seeing the generation problem your talking about, I never even heard that. You should probably read things more carefully.

    2. The interpretation I spoke of was the common Christadelphian interpretation when I grew up. And, as I showed with "88 Reasons", it wasn't just held by Christadelphians. Those who held it need to consider what its failuire means.

      But as for reading things more carefully, I think the entire interpretation of the fig tree as Israel's return to the land is invalid. When Jesus talked about "this generation", I think he was talking about the people he was talking to then. That makes the prophecy nearly 2,000 years overdue.

    3. Yes who is this generation has always got me a bit...on face value its the people standing..there. but ive always been taught its the people born in those dates in the above comment...i dont think we really know

    4. Uradope,
      "You should probably read things more carefully". Would you apply this to John Thomas as well? When he read his Bible he concluded that Queen Victoria would lay her riches at the feet of the returned Jesus.
      Date setting is the single clearest indicator that you are involved with a cult.

    5. No one should be setting dates even Christ said that. I think people go too far because of their enthusiasm? That is the folly of individual people not of Christadelphians as a whole. You must always go by the scripture and NOT peoples's opinions . Christ says that when Israel returns to their land we live in the days before his return. He said this himself. You can either believe what he says or not.
      John Thomas was not infallible. He was a human being like all of us and made mistakes. But with that said I appreciate his writings and his labor in the word which exposed the fallacy of Christendom and how far off it was from the true teachings of the apostles message of the gospel. So I am very grateful for that.
      We don't know what day or hour Christ will return but we should be wise enough to know the times that we live in and be ready and watching. The problem here is your asking the wrong questions. Christ WILL return. He says so, God says so through the prophets, Moses, psalms, apostles and all the scripture. The question is are you wise or a fool? tic toc....

    6. Ella, where does Christ say that "when Israel returns to their land we live in the days before his return"?

    7. Hi Ella,

      Welcome to the blog :)

      "No one should be setting dates even Christ said that"

      Can you tell me whether Luke 21:32 counts as "setting dates"?

      "But with that said I appreciate his writings and his labor in the word which exposed the fallacy of Christendom and how far off it was from the true teachings of the apostles message of the gospel"

      Do you think there might be Christians who have written about how far off Christadelphians are from the true teachings of the gospel? Have you looked at what they have to say?

      "The problem here is your asking the wrong questions"

      What questions should we have asked? and would you recommend that people in other religions ask the same questions regarding their sacred texts?

      "Christ WILL return. He says so, God says so through the prophets, Moses, psalms, apostles and all the scripture."

      So you have a book, clearly written by humans who claimed to write on behalf of Jesus and God. But how do you know they weren't lying or simply mistaken? Were they mistaken when they wrote about disease being caused by demons or evil spirits?

      What would you say to people in other religions who make the very same claims of divine inspiration about their own holy books?

      Just because something is written in a book, doesn't make it true. You need to verify it.

      What method do you use to verify the one while disproving the other? Could people in other religions use that same method and reach the same conclusions as you?

    8. Thom Jonas the way to see the corruption of the gospel is to take a close look at history. You can start with Constantine. Anyone can figure this out with some effort and I'll give you another hint,The Holy Roman Church. Try those for a start. These are historical facts.

    9. "Anyone can figure this out with some effort"

      Then why haven't they? Christadelphians are not the only people heavily invested in trying to understand the Bible. For a tiny religion with so few members and even fewer converts, you have to account for the fact that even other believers find your religion unconvincing.

      You say that the gospel was corrupted early in church history, but this is surely only one interpretation. My understanding is that early in church history there were many competing views, and hence many debates and councils that eventually determined which views became orthodox. History is written by the winners, as they say.

      You appear to adhere to a protestant view (16th century), and more specifically a restorationist view (19th century), and you seem very certain of your beliefs. Are you aware of the history behind them?

      However I noticed that you didn't answer any of my questions and your response offers information I never requested. I apologise if my questions were unclear.

      Well, I must also apologise for asking far too many questions. I realise you're probably busy and perhaps you weren't here for a conversation.

      So I will leave you with the question Jon asked earlier.

      Where does Christ say that "when Israel returns to their land we live in the days before his return"?

    10. Ella, I think the influence of Constantine is highly overrated. Yes, he convened the Council of Nicaea, but no, it was not to corrupt or completely rewrite doctrine (it seems he did not even cast a vote). There was serious dispute about doctrine which Constantine wanted cleared up, and the debate was about which side to accept.

      In the main dispute, the side that lost, Arianism, was closer to Christadelphian teaching, but would still be considered wrong by Christadelphians. And those present were debating positions that were already established long before Constantine, and were based on scripture. I have heard it said that in the mid-100s Justin Martyr was already teaching many things Christadelphians would disagree with.

      But all that is beside the point. The reality now is that most Protestant denominations claim to be holding to historical Christianity, and seek to establish their claims solely from the Bible. They do not hold to them because of the authority of the Council of Nicaea or any later council. And the vast majority come to very different conclusions from Christadelphians, using exactly the same scriptures. Why?

      I do not think it is easy to prove the major doctrinal questions one way or the other, which is why I wrote in an earlier article:
      Anyone who thinks it is easy to dismiss Christadelphian teachings with a few proof texts has not properly understood those teachings. However, this raises a problem: exactly the same is true of more orthodox Christian teachings.

      Finally, though, yes, I would like an answer to the question Thom highlighted, which is I think the only point on-topic for this article...

    11. Ugh...I already know how this goes and I really don't feel like playing the game. No matter what scripture I give you, you will just say something like that's how you interpret it or that has some other meaning. Oh's just a book that some men wrote and it has all kinds of inconsistencies. So really what's the point? Let's be real here. It's not like I'm going to tell you some verses and suddenly your going to say, oh wow! Your right!
      So the best thing I can really say here is....Why don't you ask him yourself? When you stand before Christ you can then ask him all your questions. Hmmm... I wonder what his answer will be? Does this sound like a familiar passage in scripture? I'm pretty sure his answer is in scripture somewhere....

    12. Ugh...I already know how this goes and I really don't feel like playing the game

      We just asked a question. Why so defensive? Besides, if you weren't planning on participating in a discussion, why are you here?

      Let's be real here. It's not like I'm going to tell you some verses and suddenly your going to say, oh wow! Your right!

      Verses, no. Of course not. Why would anyone accept verses as evidence? But actual verifiable evidence - yes I would look into it further, and have done many times. Would you be willing to do the same?

      Why don't you ask him yourself?

      As far as I know, he's dead.

      But suppose I did talk to "Jesus" and then answers "popped" into my head. How would I know I wasn't the one manufacturing those answers? Thoughts pop into my head all the time - how would I distinguish those from divine ones?

      When you stand before Christ you can then ask him all your questions

      Indeed I would, should that ever happen. I consider it pretty unlikely.

      If I was turned away for genuinely and honestly asking questions on the first occasion that I had been shown some form of actual evidence (though I do wonder how I'd know it was Jesus), would I want to live with such a cruel being anyway? Of course believers want to tell me that there is evidence and that I just haven't seen it yet. Well, let's just say it isn't for lack of trying!

      Meanwhile any truly loving or intelligent being worth the title wouldn't demand belief based on such flimsy evidence as we've been offered so far. Perhaps they wouldn't demand belief at all. What's the point?

      I have no more reason to think I'd be rewarded for believing in Jesus than to think I'd risk eternity in hell for the very same belief, should some other religion turn out to be true. The "evidence" presented for all of them is deeply flawed. I'm sorry to report that you've done nothing to improve matters, though I'm always open to new (testable, verifiable) evidence.

    13. Ella,

      I was brought up a CD, but left in my twenties, moved into the orthodox churches due to experience of Holy Spirit which CDs simple could not accept, now an Anglican.

      The bible is pretty unclear about the nature of Jesus, CDs have this idea 'God Manifestation', after JT and RR had fallen asleep CD's debated for sometime if Jesus had 'clean flesh' or not. Similarly the church in the first few centuries debated the nature of Jesus. Arianism was growing in influence, but there were other theories, none of the recorded ones match CD thinking. The 'same substance' theory was adopted by Councils of Berea and Nicea, it was not invented by them, it is just that that council determined it was orthodox (true) and Arianism was heresy (false).

      The church had material, (letters etc), they expected the return of Christ immediately, not until 2nd century did they start writing down their practises and attempted to form a canon. The books that form the canon (CDs use the Roman one but there are others) was also debated for centuries, CDs believe that the very people who decided which gospels and letters to include already had the NT and misunderstood it! Or bizarrely chose material that contradicted what they considered true !

      Since leaving, like others I spent a bit of time studying Christian Theology, a book by that name written by Alistair Mcgrath ( is a good start- he was an atheist, is a scientist and author.

      My advice is not to reject mainstream Christianity, its not black and white, as CDs would tell you. I would also ignore the 'anyone who believes in God is stupid - where your evidence' comments from ex CDs on this site.

  4. It is really just another example of date-setting going wrong. Sometimes it seems like everyone knows "We're not supposed to be able to set dates", but it's really tempting, and if the projected date is far enough away and Christ seems on the doorstep surely he must be back before 1988, or 2007, or (insert date here). As an added benefit, when it fails people just go "Oh, they should have known better than to set a date" and dismiss the failure as irrelevant to whether the prophecy is true.

    As I commented earlier: "It's easy to say "The prophecies haven't failed - they just haven't been fulfilled yet". But surely it has to get to a point where the evidence is against it? I can't prove that this year's predictions will be as false as those of last year and the year before, but I think the probabilities are on my side. And I don't understand how more sign-watching believers don't get despondent and give up their watch."

    This isn't just limited to Christadelphians, either. Talking with a few friends from different denominations, each denomination had the nation of Israel as incredibly important to support, and each denomination really got on board with "88 reasons why the Rapture will be in 1988" (one of which was that it was 40 years after 1948 and Israel the fig tree).

    1. I see this one a little differently than mere "date-setting".

      It's less about predicting an actual date (even a year) when Jesus will return, and more about setting an upper limit for when that return might take place (it could occur any time within that period and still satisfy both this prediction re the generation and the secrecy of the day/hour). And obviously the reason for Christadelphians setting that upper limit is to generate hope, but the flip-side is that it also provides a means of falsifying the prediction, and by extension the entire premise of the religion (no return of Jesus = no kingdom, and thus no Christadelphian hope!).

      To put it another way, this interpretation has Jesus himself setting the date (range), and if it failed, that's a big deal for Christadelphians. So even if they don't want to predict dates themselves, they can't walk away from this one unless they switch to a different interpretation - and those are limited (see below).

      There is still some wiggle room though - and Christadelphians will no doubt jump on that.

      Reading the verses in Matt 24:32-34 again, it seems there are a few ways to rescue the prediction.

      (a) Claim that the re-establishment of Israel in 1948 was not the start date - i.e. the event referred to as the fig tree putting forth its leaves - and choose some later event instead. If they choose 1967 that extends it by another 19 years. Even better if they hide behind a fuzzy, vague definition that cannot be pinned down. Then they can extend it indefinitely.

      (b) Claim that "this generation" was not a symbolic number (40 years, 70 years etc), but rather something like "anyone alive at the time". This, too, increases the time span considerably.

      (c) Both of the above.

      However, I think the interpretation of the verses referring to people in Jesus's immediate audience (which I happen to think is the one most likely intended by the gospel authors) is not open to Christadelphians, because that would mean the prediction failed, and few Christadelphians could accept that (e.g. Deut 18:22).

      Some do claim that the prediction refers to AD70, and was thus (partially) fulfilled, but that doesn't satisfy all of the criteria for the prediction, so Christadelphians need a modern-day fulfilment regardless. I suspect most will probably ignore it and carry on believing. Meanwhile, can you imagine the fuss they would make if any of their predictions happened to come anywhere near true?

    2. I don't have to imagine - I saw it with Brexit.

    3. True. I was also thinking of the constant references to John Thomas predicting the return of Israel while ignoring all of his failed predictions.

      And Brexit wasn't even a fulfilment of prophecy! It was more like removing an inconvenient barrier in one of the preconditions. There was no Bible passage that said Brexit would happen, nor any hint that it should have been required in the first place (i.e. the Bible never predicted that Britain would join the EU).

      The analogy would be like predicting that your car would win some specific car race in the future, and then in the meantime your car gets damaged in an accident. If someone repairs your car, that isn't a fulfilment of the original prediction - and that's exactly the same scenario we're in with Brexit.

      (FWIW I certainly am not suggesting that Britian's EU membership was "damage" nor that Brexit was a "repair". I was speaking from the point of view of the predictions made by Christadelphians.)

    4. The EU was formed by the treaty of Maastricht in 1992, I dont recall the CDs saying since then that it was a barrier and Britain would have to leave. At best they only predicted the outcome of a yes / no vote.

      Oxford CD site that say "Whether you take these young lions of Tarshish to refer to the United States or just as a reference to the western powers of the last days, the scenario that is developed in Ezekiel 38 fits the present world political situation precisely." - No need for Brexit then !

      You are right about "all about us"- also on that site: "The symbol of Great Britain is a lion. That symbol exists to this day and no other empire had more young lions than Great Britain. The present young lions are the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the Commonwealth. These young lion nations that came out of the British Empire have generally been pro-Israel." Those countries named explicitly are the ones that white CD's live!

    5. My quotes in the last post were not CD, sorry some other adventist group that looks like CD but trinitarian so cant be connected. You can choose whether to publish it and this correction.

    6. Jacobus, I have never been expert on this particular strand of Christadelphian interpretation, but even if it's not CD what you post sounds like what I've heard from CDs.

      I don't remember Brexit being a big deal until it was actually up for a vote. Certainly some had the idea of Europe and Britain having to be separate, but I suspect for many they were just happy to assume the return of Christ was near and not ask too many questions that might lengthen the timeline. Every generation thought they were the unique ones for whom the signs were clearer than for any previous generation.

    7. I dont understand the CD Brexit position, all their arguments seem to be based on their understanding that Britain and Europe will be on different sides in some future war. For that to happen Britain or the European countries would have to leave NATO. Unlikely and nothing to do with Brexit.

  5. I think Christadelphians are almost entirely wrong when it comes to prophecy. They interpret everything as being "all about us", but when you actually read the Bible in its original context, it was always all about the author's time period and circumstances. But believers don't like that view because it forces us all to face the fact that life isn't a fairy tale with a happy ending. I completely understand the resistance. It's scary. But facing reality is part of growing up. If it's true, we should accept it instead of lying to ourselves and our kids.

    The egotism in prophecy mania is over-the-top. The belief that an all-powerful being created the entire universe just for us, and wrote us a book full of prophecies specifically written for our time, and then converted John Thomas and co, just so that we lucky few living today could be saved (the rest of the world be damned) and live forever in a magical wonderland that was God's purpose all along - it just smacks of blind, childish, head-in-the-clouds egotism. Oh, look how lucky we are (and let's not think too much about how unlucky everyone else is - or try to pretend it's their own fault)!!

    And let's not talk about the grotesque idea that God orchestrated major world events, often resulting in the suffering and deaths of millions of people, just so that some Christadelphians in their comfortable modern lifestyles could look at their history books and say, "Look - that prophecy was fulfilled!".

    Unfortunately many of us were caught up in the religion well into our adult years so we know just how enticing it can be. The blindfold is applied very early in life, and it can be very difficult to realise that it's there, and can be removed. Removing the blindfold sometimes also comes with the threat of removing/losing one's social support and belonging - in the only community they know - so it's not at all surprising that most will never even entertain the thought. It's much easier to rationalise those who have left as rebels who "just wanna sin" - or who were drawn away by deceit (wilfully or otherwise). That latter one is especially pernicious because it leads believers to doubt their own reasoning ability and cling to blind faith instead.

  6. I just want to know why you didn't post my last two comments? I thought they were relevant as to what we were talking about. I don't think you should pick and choose what you post. John Bedson always did that. I can see if there was something insulting or inappropriate.

    1. My apologies. I tend to not want to post material that is clearly just CD propaganda. This site is not a Christadelphian preaching platform. However, I do appreciate that this can be a fine line and I don't always get the balance right. I didn't get the sense that you were prepared or willing to discuss anything. Was I mistaken?

      What I would say is that the links to Christadelphian talks that you posted would have been rather more helpful if you had also given a short summary of the points you found pertinent to the discussion here.

      Rather than expecting us to sit through an hour long CD talk (most of us have sat through enough of those already), perhaps you could just specify exactly the segment you feel is most relevant. Even better if you just summarise the arguments/evidence yourself and post that instead.

      But suppose I do decide to watch a talk - it's very likely I would have several follow-up questions. Would you be prepared to discuss it? The reason I ask is because you didn't answer most of my earlier questions. Conversation is a two-way street.

  7. Ella I’m not sure insults, threats and avoiding answering questions are the best way to get your point across...

  8. The CDs will just reinvent their bullshit as the decades pass. There is a CD group in Israel that went there in 1972, because the Second Advent was "imminent." The migration ruined several dozen lives, once you include all of the collateral damage. Almost half a century later, they simply reinvent their arrival date for Jesus, depending on what's happening in the world. As one CD once said to me: "Jesus is ALWAYS coming next Tuesday."

    1. Anon,
      What else can they do? Jesus never comes back, and they have no social gospel to work with in the meantime, and separate themselves from society ( unless they get sick, in which case using "worldly" doctors is OK).
      I think we should celebrate that group, and encourage more to do likewise, if they REALLY think the time has come, they may have affected a few lives, but imaging the 46 years worth of nonsense they would have perpetrated had they stayed at home!
      Yes, the angels swung the Brexit vote, by sending some rain from Belgium, and things are a little uncertain right now, so hey, Jesus must be back anytime soon. Yes, next Tuesday. And the immortal saints walking into the meeting room the following Sunday. Bullshit as usual.

    2. Joseph, for me the concern with such groups is the children dragged into a life that's completely dysfunctional (though in fairness many of the parents are in it because they were brought up in it as children). This can certainly happen with Christadelphian children anywhere, but I am at least glad that I and the majority of my peers in Melbourne got the chance to get an education, find a steady job, and be exposed to people in "The World" living normal lives. Though we were continually told Christ's return was near, none of these things would have been possible if our parents had really, truly believed in it, given up all forward planning, and sold everything.

  9. In the many Christadelphians I've known, Jesus was always "coming next Tuesday." It got wearisome. Some fixated on specific dates. Israel was established in 1948. Forty years from 1948 was 1988. Some speculated that, like the 40 years spent in the Sinai wilderness, Jesus would return in 1988. The number 40 was thought to be significant for other biblical reasons. And it was all poppycock. Some Christadelphians (CDs) even decided Jesus was ALREADY in Israel, and migrated there in the 1970s, wrecking several dozen lives in the process. And most nauseatingly, CDs and other Christians, in their relationship with Israel, have deified Jews in general. Whatever slaughter they perpetrate, in places like Gaza or Ramallah, is "God's Will." Some of the CDs in Israel have even done military service there and have shed blood. The whole "Chosen People" business is distressing; it grants license for the displacement and brutalization of the Palestinians.

  10. I have studied the criteria in regard to the things that qualify a group to be considered a cult, and the CDs definitely fit the bill; I would mention, however, that the CD group that went to Israel devolved more emphatically into being a cult, and was characterized by extreme levels of violence, conformity, ostracism, etc. To different degrees, some of these things are found in "normal" CD groups. One church in Metro Washington D.C. that I attended was run primarily on the basis of members' fear of its firebrand leader. No one talked openly about this at the time; no one talks openly about it now that the bastard is dead. In such situations, the misery simply becomes "the new normal." I remember visiting other CD groups in the Baltimore - Washington area and being surprised that similar firebrands were not present. Returning to the Israeli CDs, many defectors evolved to become atheists and agnostics. I personally now adhere to the words of Albert Einstein: "My regard for religion is simply that it is superstition made incarnate." How profound and accurate a description.


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